New maximum and minimum limits for Food Supplements

There are no harmonized rules on maximum and minimum levels of vitamins and minerals in food supplement at the EU/EEA level. Pending such harmonized levels, each EU/EEA Member State practice sets their own levels, however, the general EU/EEA principles shall apply and thus ensure the functioning if the internal market, cf. e.g.  Directive 2002/46/EC article 11, 2nd paragraph.

The Norwegian Authorities have generally been very restrictive both with regards to fortification of food as well as the levels of the approved max. and min. levels of vitamins and minerals in the Food Supplement Regulation. The Norwegian levels were set on the basis of rather old scientific data, and in practice, the levels implied barrier to trade and an impediment to the internal market. It was first when the EFTA Surveillance Authority questioned the legality of the Norwegian practice in light of the principle of mutual recognition, that the Norwegian regime has been changed. 

With effect from 30th May 2017, the Regulation on Food Supplement has undergone a dramatic change paving the way for food supplements available also in other EU/EEA Member States. Now, there are only a few vitamins and minerals that have a maximum and minimum vitamin levels set for adults, but recommended dosages are set new for young children (1-3 years), children (3-11) and older children (11-18).  With the exemption of e.g. vitamin D and folic acid, no maximum limits are set for adults, allowing  larger flexibility for the industry to offer a range of food supplements to the extent the safety standards are met. 


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